Monday, 11 December 2017

Human Resources

Human resources is the nucleus of other resources. In the triangular relationship among the economic resources, human resources and the environment, it occupies the core of the nexus by virtue of man's being the most potential consumer in the natural ecosystem. Both the economic resources and the altered environment are the bye-products of human civilization. A balance between mobilization of economic resources and generating a sound environment therefore can be struck only when the human resource is adequately developed through perspective education and systematic manpower planning.

Population

According to 2001 census, Manipur   has a population of 23,88,634. The sex ratio was 978 females per 1000 males. The valley that is 12% of the total geographical area had 58.84% of the population while the hills (88%) were inhabited by 41.16%. This makes an impaired distribution of population between the hills and the plains having the population densities of 52 persons per sq.km. and 632 persons per sq. km. respectively even though the average density of 107 per sq.km. is much below the all India average. The tribes constitute 31.51% of the total population while the Muslims and the scheduled caste form 7.26% and 0.96% respectively. Religion wise, the Hindu constitute 57% Muslims 7.26% Christians 34.11 and other viz. Sikhs, Jains, Budhists etc. 1.63%. The average household size varies between 6.09 in the rural and 6.29 in the urban areas.

The district-wise population (Provisional Results - 2011 Census)

Sl.
No.

State/Districts

                Total Population

Sex ratio (females per 1000 males)

Density

(per sq.km.)

Decadal growth in P.C.

(2001-2011)

Persons

Males

Females

1.

Manipur

27,21,756

13,69,764

13,51,992

987

122

18.65

2.

Senapati

3,54,972

1,83,081

1,71,891

939

109

25.16

3.

Tamenglong

1,40,143

71,762

68,381

953

32

25.69

4.

Churachandpur

2,71,274

1,37,748

1,33,526

969

59

19.03

5.

Bishnupur

2,40,363

1,20,185

1,20,178

1,000

485

15.36

6.

Thoubal

4,20,517

2,09,674

2,10,843

1,006

818

15.48

7.

Imphal West

5,14,683

2,53,628

2,61,055

1,029

992

15.82

8.

Imphal East

4,52,661

2,25,130

2,27,531

1011

638

14.63

9.

Ukhrul

1,83,115

94,013

89,102

948

40

30.07

10.

Chandel

1,44,028

74,543

69,485

932

43

21.72

Corrected upto this point

Education

The origin of the organized education in the state dates back to 1903 when Rev. W. Pettigrew, a British educationist and philanthropist became the first honorary inspector of schools under the Education Department of Assam. Prior to 1950, there was no education department in the state as such. In the year 1951-52, a new set up in the general administration of Manipur came into existence. The matter of educational activities was in the hands of the Territorial Council of manipur till 1960. A full fledged education department came along with the attainment of state hood and since then considerable progress has been underway. Besides, numerous missionary schools, other private run schools have augmented the progress of education and literacy in the state in the recent years. The commencement of numerous technical colleges and the Manipur University has enhanced the higher education to a great extend.

Number of Recognised Educational Institutions

Sl.
No.

Year/State/
Districts

Pre-primary/
Primary/JB/
UJBSchools

Middle/
Jr.High/
Sr.Basic Schools

High

/Higher Secondary Schools

School for Professional & Other Education

College for General Education

College for Professional & Other Education

Universities

All Institutions

1.

1997-98

2,548

611

576

3,188

51

37

2

7,008

2.

1998-99

2,572

631

582

3,188

50

40

2

7,065

3.

Senapati

377

90

51

255

3

5

*

781

4.

Tamenglong

216

43

22

302

1

1

*

585

5.

Churachandpur

266

78

78

432

3

1

*

858

6.

Chandel

205

33

18

243

2

*

*

501

7.

Imphal East & West

742

217

231

731

25

26

2

1,974

8.

Bishnupur

215

52

50

337

8

3

*

665

9.

Thoubal

327

72

92

475

7

3

*

976

10.

Ukhrul

224

46

40

413

1

1

*

725

 

* Nil

Source: Directorate of Education (S), Govt. of Manipur

            Directorate of Education (U), Govt. of Manipur

            Manipur University, Canchipur

            Central Agricultural University, Iroisemba  


Literates and Literacy rates by Districts of Manipur (Provisional Results - 2001 Census)

Sl.
No.

State/Districts

Number of literates @

Literacy rate%

Persons

Males

Females

Persons

Males

Females

1.

Manipur

14,29,656

8,15,944

6,13,712

68.87

77.87

59.70

2.

Senapati

1,71,100

99,583

71,517

50.47

56.39

44.04

3.

Tamenglong

56,269

33,640

22,629

58.46

67.04

49.11

4.

Churachandpur

1,48,829

84,537

64,292

74.67

84.98

64.40

5.

Bishnupur

1,27,667

72,751

54,916

71.59

82.25

61.09

6.

Thoubal

2,08,464

1,23,372

85,092

67.90

80.50

55.34

7.

Imphal West

3,12,125

1,71,350

1,40,775

80.61

89.40

72.24

8.

Imphal East

2,60,573

1,47,617

1,12,956

76.38

86.44

66.30

9.

Ukhrul

83.284

47,625

35,659

68.96

75.40

61.91

10.

Chandel

61,345

35,469

25,876

57.38

66.12

48.57

@   Literates exclude children in the age group 0-6 years who were by definition treated as illiterate in the Census of India, 2001.

%   Literacy rate is the percentage of literate to population aged 7 years and above.

Source: Directorate of Census Operations, Manipur

Manpower Potential

Workers and Non-Workers in Rural and Urban areas of Manipur

Sl.
No.

Year/District

            Main Workers

      Marginal workers

              Non-workers

                   Total

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

1.

1981

4,53,210

1,20,129

5,73,339

27,250

13,219

40,469

5,65,033

2,42,112

8,07,145

10,45,493

3,75,460

14,20,953

2.

1991

5,55,727

1,52,556

7,08,283

46,343

20,278

66,621

7,29,434

3,32,811

10,62,245

13,31,504

5,05,645

18,37,149

3.

Senapati

1,04,681

*

1,04,681

3,439

*

3,439

1,00,286

*

1,00,286

2,08,406

*

2,08,406

4.

Tamenglong

39,210

*

39,210

494

*

495

46,574

*

46,574

86,278

*

86,278

5.

Churachandpur

65,323

9,576

74,899

2,408

344

2,752

74,787

23,746

98,533

1,42,518

33,666

1,76,184

6.

Chandel

30,998

3,303

34,301

2,421

601

3,022

27,922

5,769

33,691

61,341

9,673

71,014

7.

Imphal West

60,978

61,736

1,22,714

3,445

4,437

7,882

1,00,512

1,49,693

2,50,205

1,64,935

2,15,866

3,80,801

8.

Imphal East

88,088

18,649

1,06,737

10,968

1,051

12,019

1,55,588

56,116

2,11,704

2,54,644

75,816

3,30,46

9.

Bishnupur

45,969

23,145

69,114

6,623

4,455

11,078

65,011

35,570

1,00,581

1,17,603

63,170

1,80,773

10.

Thoubal

71,547

36,147

1,07,694

15,157

9,390

24,547

99,800

61,917

1,61,717

1,86,504

1,07,354

2,93,958

11.

Ukhrul

48,933

*

48,933

1,388

*

1,388

58,954

*

58,954

1,09,275

*

1,09,275

Source: Office of the Registrar General of India


 

Employment

Registration, vacancies notified and placements as on 31st March of the year

Sl.
No.

Year/District/Ext.

Employment Exchange including sub-exchange

Regist-
ration

Vacancies notified

Place-
ments

Vacancies outstanding

Submission made

No. of Registrants on live register

Employers using Exchange

1.

1998

13

31,007

642

429

2,466

17,103

3,22,253

126

2.

1999

15

37,861

1,108

162

334

51,327

3,54,269

85

3.

2000

15

35,760

2,083

69

954

74,609

3,87,890

82

4.

Imphal East

2

10,748

6

3

*

51,327

3,87,890

*

5.

Imphal West

1

10,437

2,083

23

954

26,221

1,62,740

82

6.

Thoubal

1

4,720

*

22

*

14,182

57,697

*

7.

Bishnupur

1

2,499

*

13

*

6,428

38,793

*

8.

Churachandpur

1

3,027

*

4

*

4,152

35,309

*

9.

Chandel

2

828

*

*

*

1,080

13,942

*

10.

Ukhrul

1

947

*

3

*

1,068

15,514

*

11.

Senapati

3

1,019

*

*

*

1,383

23,145

*

12.

Tamenglong

1

1,195

*

*

*

1,185

10,415

*

13.

SPL. Emp. Exch. for P.H. Cell Imphal

1

116

15

1

*

195

1,602

*

14.

U.E.I & G.B. Canchipur

1

224

*

*

*

733

1,681

*

     * Not Available

        Source: Directorate of Employment and Training, Govt. of Manipur, Lamphel

Manpower planning

The foregoing features indicate a rich manpower resource in the state and a fairly large crisis of unemployment. A stringent manpower planning exercise is highly called for in the state before the crisis aggravates. At present, many of the basic features of manpower planning have been ushered in the state. But the desired effect is still remote since the conceptulisation, execution, co-ordination etc. on the part of the management authorities and the state's management of economic resource and development works are put to a chronic pattern of ad-hocism. There are 3-town employment exchanges, one exchange each for all the district headquarters, and a special exchange for handicapped persons in the state. One self Employment Promotion Cell, one University Employment Information and Guidance Bureau and one State Vocational Guidance Unit etc. have also been established in the state. A separate directorate for manpower planning and management has also been recently installed. Besides, there are Labour Organizations, Labour Departments, Labour Welfare Schemes, Legal Aid to Labours etc. in the state. For generating skilled workers and self-employment, six of its have been located in the state. But, the institute at Imphal is the lone efficient producer of trained personnel. Therefore, updating of the efficiency of all these different organs of manpower planning and their co-ordination need immediate attention.