Sunday, 19 November 2017

Human Resources

Human resources is the nucleus of other resources. In the triangular relationship among the economic resources, human resources and the environment, it occupies the core of the nexus by virtue of man's being the most potential consumer in the natural ecosystem. Both the economic resources and the altered environment are the bye-products of human civilization. A balance between mobilization of economic resources and generating a sound environment therefore can be struck only when the human resource is adequately developed through perspective education and systematic manpower planning.

Population

According to 2001 census, Manipur has a population of 23,88,634. The sex ratio was 978 females per 1000 males. The valley that is 12% of the total geographical area had 58.84% of the population while the hills (88%) were inhabited by 41.16%. This makes an impaired distribution of population between the hills and the plains having the population densities of 52 persons per sq.km. and 632 persons per sq. km. respectively even though the average density of 107 per sq.km. is much below the all India average. The tribes constitute 31.51% of the total population while the Muslims and the scheduled caste form 7.26% and 0.96% respectively. Religion wise, the Hindu constitute 57% Muslims 7.26% Christians 34.11 and other viz. Sikhs, Jains, Budhists etc. 1.63%. The average household size varies between 6.09 in the rural and 6.29 in the urban areas.

 

The district-wise population (Provisional Results - 2001 Census)

 

Sl.
No.

 

State/Districts

 

Total Population

Sex ratio (females per 1000 males)

Density

(per sq.km.)

Decadal growth in P.C.

(1991-2001)

Persons

Males

Females

1.

 

Manipur

 

2,388,634

 

1,207,338

 

1,181,296

 

978

 

107

 

30.02

 

2.

 

Senapati

 

3,79,214

 

196,646

 

1,82,568

 

928

 

116

 

81.96

 

3.

 

Tamenglong

 

1,11,493

 

57,994

 

53,499

 

922

 

25

 

29.23

 

4.

 

Churachandpur

 

2,28,707

 

114,740

 

113,967

 

993

 

50

 

29.81

 

5.

 

Bishnupur

 

2,05,907

 

102,772

 

103,135

 

1,004

 

415

 

13.90

 

6.

 

Thoubal

 

3,66,341

 

183,338

 

183,003

 

998

 

713

 

24.62

 

7.

 

Imphal West

 

4,39,780

 

218,947

 

220,585

 

1,007

 

847

 

15.42

 

8.

 

Imphal East

 

3,93,780

 

197,710

 

196,070

 

992

 

555

 

19.16

 

9.

 

Ukhrul

 

1,40,946

 

73,413

 

67,533

 

920

 

31

 

28.98

 

10.

 

Chandel

 

1,22,714

 

61,778

 

60,936

 

986

 

37

 

72.80

 

Education

 

The origin of the organized education in the state dates back to 1903 when Rev. W. Pettigrew, a British educationist and philanthropist became the first honorary inspector of schools under the Education Department of Assam. Prior to 1950, there was no education department in the state as such. In the year 1951-52, a new set up in the general administration of Manipur came into existence. The matter of educational activities was in the hands of the Territorial Council of manipur till 1960. A full fledged education department came along with the attainment of state hood and since then considerable progress has been underway. Besides, numerous missionary schools, other private run schools have augmented the progress of education and literacy in the state in the recent years. The commencement of numerous technical colleges and the Manipur University has enhanced the higher education to a great extend.

 

Number of Recognised Educational Institutions

 

Sl.
No.

 

Year/State/
Districts

Pre-primary/
Primary/JB/
UJB Schools

Middle/
Jr.High/
Sr.Basic Schools

High/Higher Secondary Schools

School for Professional & Other Education

College for General Education

College for Professional & Other Education

Universities

 

All Institutions

 

1.

 

1997-98

 

2,548

 

611

 

576

 

3,188

 

51

 

37

 

2

 

7,008

 

2.

 

1998-99

 

2,572

 

631

 

582

 

3,188

 

50

 

40

 

2

 

7,065

 

3.

 

Senapati

 

377

 

90

 

51

 

255

 

3

 

5

 

*

 

781

 

4.

 

Tamenglong

 

216

 

43

 

22

 

302

 

1

 

1

 

*

 

585

 

5.

 

Churachandpur

 

266

 

78

 

78

 

432

 

3

 

1

 

*

 

858

 

6.

 

Chandel

 

205

 

33

 

18

 

243

 

2

 

*

 

*

 

501

 

7.

 

Imphal East & West

 

742

 

217

 

231

 

731

 

25

 

26

 

2

 

1,974

 

8.

 

Bishnupur

 

215

 

52

 

50

 

337

 

8

 

3

 

*

 

665

 

9.

 

Thoubal

 

327

 

72

 

92

 

475

 

7

 

3

 

*

 

976

 

10.

 

Ukhrul

 

224

 

46

 

40

 

413

 

1

 

1

 

*

 

725

 

 

 

* Nil

Source: Directorate of Education (S), Govt. of Manipur

Directorate of Education (U), Govt. of Manipur

Manipur University, Canchipur

Central Agricultural University, Iroisemba

 

 

Literates and Literacy rates by Districts of Manipur (Provisional Results - 2001 Census)

Sl.
No.

State/Districts

Number of literates @ Literacy rate%
Persons  Males  Females  Persons  Males  Females 
1.  Manipur  14,29,656  8,15,944  6,13,712  68.87  77.87  59.70 
2.  Senapati  1,71,100  99,583  71,517  50.47  56.39  44.04 
3.  Tamenglong  56,269  33,640  22,629  58.46  67.04  49.11 
4.  Churachandpur  1,48,829  84,537  64,292  74.67  84.98  64.40 
5.  Bishnupur  1,27,667  72,751  54,916  71.59  82.25  61.09 
6.  Thoubal  2,08,464  1,23,372  85,092  67.90  80.50  55.34 
7.  Imphal West  3,12,125  1,71,350  1,40,775  80.61  89.40  72.24 
8.  Imphal East  2,60,573  1,47,617  1,12,956  76.38  86.44  66.30 
9.  Ukhrul  83.284  47,625  35,659  68.96  75.40  61.91 
10.  Chandel  61,345  35,469  25,876  57.38  66.12  48.57 

@ Literates exclude children in the age group 0-6 years who were by definition treated as illiterate in the Census of India, 2001.

% Literacy rate is the percentage of literate to population aged 7 years and above.

Source: Directorate of Census Operations, Manipur

 

Manpower Potential

Workers and Non-Workers in Rural and Urban areas of Manipur

 

Sl.
No.

 

Year/District

 

Main Workers

Marginal workers

Non-workers

Total 

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

1.

 

1981

 

4,53,210

 

1,20,129

 

5,73,339

 

27,250

 

13,219

 

40,469

 

5,65,033

 

2,42,112

 

8,07,145

 

10,45,493

 

3,75,460

 

14,20,953

 

2.

 

1991

 

5,55,727

 

1,52,556

 

7,08,283

 

46,343

 

20,278

 

66,621

 

7,29,434

 

3,32,811

 

10,62,245

 

13,31,504

 

5,05,645

 

18,37,149

 

3.

 

Senapati

 

1,04,681

 

*

 

1,04,681

 

3,439

 

*

 

3,439

 

1,00,286

 

*

 

1,00,286

 

2,08,406

 

*

 

2,08,406

 

4.

 

Tamenglong

 

39,210

 

*

 

39,210

 

494

 

*

 

495

 

46,574

 

*

 

46,574

 

86,278

 

*

 

86,278

 

5.

 

Churachandpur

 

65,323

 

9,576

 

74,899

 

2,408

 

344

 

2,752

 

74,787

 

23,746

 

98,533

 

1,42,518

 

33,666

 

1,76,184

 

6.

 

Chandel

 

30,998

 

3,303

 

34,301

 

2,421

 

601

 

3,022

 

27,922

 

5,769

 

33,691

 

61,341

 

9,673

 

71,014

 

7.

 

Imphal West

 

60,978

 

61,736

 

1,22,714

 

3,445

 

4,437

 

7,882

 

1,00,512

 

1,49,693

 

2,50,205

 

1,64,935

 

2,15,866

 

3,80,801

 

8.

 

Imphal East

 

88,088

 

18,649

 

1,06,737

 

10,968

 

1,051

 

12,019

 

1,55,588

 

56,116

 

2,11,704

 

2,54,644

 

75,816

 

3,30,46

 

9.

 

Bishnupur

 

45,969

 

23,145

 

69,114

 

6,623

 

4,455

 

11,078

 

65,011

 

35,570

 

1,00,581

 

1,17,603

 

63,170

 

1,80,773

 

10.

 

Thoubal

 

71,547

 

36,147

 

1,07,694

 

15,157

 

9,390

 

24,547

 

99,800

 

61,917

 

1,61,717

 

1,86,504

 

1,07,354

 

2,93,958

 

11.

 

Ukhrul

 

48,933

 

*

 

48,933

 

1,388

 

*

 

1,388

 

58,954

 

*

 

58,954

 

1,09,275

 

*

 

1,09,275

 

Source: Office of the Registrar General of India

 

 

 

 

Employment

 

Registration, vacancies notified and placements as on 31st March of the year

 

Sl.
No.

Year/District/Ext.

Employment Exchange including sub-exchange

Regis-tration

Vacancies notified

Place-
ments

Vacancies outstanding

Submission made

No. of Registrants on live register

Employers using Exchange

1.

 

1998

 

13

 

31,007

 

642

 

429

 

2,466

 

17,103

 

3,22,253

 

126

 

2.

 

1999

 

15

 

37,861

 

1,108

 

162

 

334

 

51,327

 

3,54,269

 

85

 

3.

 

2000

 

15

 

35,760

 

2,083

 

69

 

954

 

74,609

 

3,87,890

 

82

 

4.

 

Imphal East

 

2

 

10,748

 

6

 

3

 

*

 

51,327

 

3,87,890

 

*

 

5.

 

Imphal West

 

1

 

10,437

 

2,083

 

23

 

954

 

26,221

 

1,62,740

 

82

 

6.

 

Thoubal

 

1

 

4,720

 

*

 

22

 

*

 

14,182

 

57,697

 

*

 

7.

 

Bishnupur

 

1

 

2,499

 

*

 

13

 

*

 

6,428

 

38,793

 

*

 

8.

 

Churachandpur

 

1

 

3,027

 

*

 

4

 

*

 

4,152

 

35,309

 

*

 

9.

 

Chandel

 

2

 

828

 

*

 

*

 

*

 

1,080

 

13,942

 

*

 

10.

 

Ukhrul

 

1

 

947

 

*

 

3

 

*

 

1,068

 

15,514

 

*

 

11.

 

Senapati

 

3

 

1,019

 

*

 

*

 

*

 

1,383

 

23,145

 

*

 

12.

 

Tamenglong

 

1

 

1,195

 

*

 

*

 

*

 

1,185

 

10,415

 

*

 

13.

 

SPL. Emp. Exch. for P.H. Cell Imphal

 

1

 

116

 

15

 

1

 

*

 

195

 

1,602

 

*

 

14.

 

U.E.I & G.B. Canchipur

 

1

 

224

 

*

 

*

 

*

 

733

 

1,681

 

*

 

* Not Available

Source: Directorate of Employment and Training, Govt. of Manipur, Lamphel

Manpower planning
The foregoing features indicate a rich manpower resource in the state and a fairly large crisis of unemployment. A stringent manpower planning exercise is highly called for in the state before the crisis aggravates. At present, many of the basic features of manpower planning have been ushered in the state. But the desired effect is still remote since the conceptulisation, execution, co-ordination etc. on the part of the management authorities and the state's management of economic resource and development works are put to a chronic pattern of ad-hocism. There are 3-town employment exchanges, one exchange each for all the district headquarters, and a special exchange for handicapped persons in the state. One self Employment Promotion Cell, one University Employment Information and Guidance Bureau and one State Vocational Guidance Unit etc. have also been established in the state. A separate directorate for manpower planning and management has also been recently installed. Besides, there are Labour Organizations, Labour Departments, Labour Welfare Schemes, Legal Aid to Labours etc. in the state. For generating skilled workers and self-employment, six of its have been located in the state. But, the institute at Imphal is the lone efficient producer of trained personnel. Therefore, updating of the efficiency of all these different organs of manpower planning and their co-ordination need immediate attention.

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