Wednesday, 20 September 2017

RICE FLAKE (CHENGPAK)

Rice Flake popularly known as 'Chengpak' in Manipur and other state in the north-eastern region is a staple food of the people and is used in ritual ceremony. It is a wholesome food and has good nutritional value. Chengpak can be taken in different forms viz, raw, fried, soaked and it also can be taken by mixing together with milk, sugar and banana (known as Fola).

Market potential
In the north-eastern region, chengpak is popular mainly in Assam and Manipur. Out of the total estimated population of 340 lakhs in the north-eastern region about 200 lakh may be considered to be livifg in Assam and Manipur. Assuming an average per capita consumption of 2 kg, total demand for 'Chengpak' is estimated at 40,000/- tonnes per year. There are a few units making 'Chengpak' and their production is not adequate to meet to the demand of the local population.

Raw materials
The only raw material required is paddy.

Equipments required
The equipments required for making the flatten rice are:

            -     Rice flaking machine also known as the Pauda Machine

            -     Large Khang (a large frying pan)

            -     Oven (a large one)

            -     Large bucket, tub, etc.

            -     Cane basket, Yangkok (a large rounded cane basket used to make out the husk).

Process

The main steps are:
            -     drenching or dipping the paddy in order to take out the floated paddy husk.
            -     boiling the paddy for an hour and let it cool down.
            -     taking out the soaked paddy in heated khang.
            -     milling of dried paddy to flatten rice.
            -     cleaning with the help of yangkok.

Machinery

The only machinery required is the Chengpak making machine. Besided, khang and heating facility are required.

Infrastructure

The main infrastructural facilities required are-

-     Building/shed        200 sq. ft.
-     Water                     Nominal
-     Power                    Diesel

Types of Chengpak:

 Apakpa(flatten) and Apumba(not so beaten)

Per capita income of the Chengpak makers:

They can earn Rs. 200/- in a day and so their annual income is Rs. 72,000/-.

Some important information regarding Chengpak:

The cost of the Chengpak is Rs. 20/kg in the market and Rs 18.50/kg in the manufacturing place. In a day they can produce 2 or 3 sacks of Chengpak. The Chengpak is highly demanded and its market is a success one. The paddy is of some special types which can be mentioned as KD(Kedi), Daran, etc. which are soft and produce more.

 

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Contact address of the Chengpak makers

1. Laishram Nevichandra Singh
    C/o Pukhrambam Raghu Singh
    Khurai Lairikyengbam Makha Leikai
    P.O.Lamlong Bazar, Imphal East-795010, Manipur

2. Palungbam Ranjit Roy
    Khurai Lairikyengbam Makha Leikai
    P.O.Lamlong Bazar, Imphal East-795010, Manipur

3. Yungkham Durgesh Roy
    Khurai Lairikyengbam Mamang Leikai
    P.O.Lamlong Bazar, Imphal East-795010, Manipur

4. Chanathabam Tolen
   Khurai Lairikyengbam Makha Leikai
   P.O.Lamlong Bazar, Imphal East-795010

5. Sapam Romen
    Khurai Salanthong
    P.O.Lamlong Bazar, Imphal East-795010, Manipur

6. Pebam Unita Devi
    Khurai Lairikyengbam Makha Leikai
    P.O.Lamlong Bazar, Imphal East-795001, Manipur   

 

 

KABOK

Kabok is made from paddy and flatten rice. It is a staple food in north-eastern region. It is a low cost wholesome food and has good nutritional value. It can be taken in different forms with sesame, sugar and salt. It is used in ritual ceremony.

Types of Kabok

1.      Kabok Akhingba or Sana Kabok(mixed with sugar)

2.      Kabok Muri(mixed with salt)

3.      Konok Kabok

4.      Kabok Laloo

5.      Thoiding Kabok

6.      Kabok Kangsubi

Market Potential

In the north-eastern region, Kabok is popular mainly in Assam and Manipur. Of the total estimated population of 340 lakh in the N.E. region about 200 lakh may be considered to be living in Assam and Manipur. Kabok is highly demanded in bulk in the ritual ceremony (except Kabok Muri). Among this Kabok Akhingba is the most highy demanded which is popularly used in ritual ceremony. There are a few units making 'Kabok' and their production is not adequate to meet to the demand of the local population.

Raw Materials

The only raw material required is paddy. Besides, flatten rice, sesame, sugar and salt.

Equipments Required

1.      Oven (large and small)

2.      Medium size earthen pots

3.      Large Khang(a large frying pan)

4.      Sand

5.      Firewood

6.      Cane Basket

7.      A wire guage

8.      Yangkok (a large rounded cane basket used to extract paddy husk).

PROCESS

Main steps of Kabok Akhingba:

1. frying the Chengpak Apumba (not so beaten rice) to the earthen pots.
2. taking out the sand with the help of wire gauge.
3. mixing with the warm boiled sugar and making it in different shapes and sizes.

Main steps of Kabok Muri:

1. mixing of the not so beaten rice with salt.
2. frying in the earthen pots.
3. extracting the sand with the help of wire guage.

Main steps of Konok Kabok:

1. frying the paddy in the earthen pots.
2. extracting the sand with the help of the wire guage.
3. extracting the paddy husk with  the help of Yangkok.
4. mixing with boiled sugar and make in different shapes and sizes.

Main steps of Laloo:

1. grinding the Konok Kabok into powder.
2. mixing the grinded ones with the boiled sugar.
3. making in different shapes and sizes.

Main steps of Kabok Kangsubi:

1. frying of the sesame in a pan.
2. mixing the fried sesame with the boiled sugar.
3. making in different shapes and sizes.

Main steps of Thoiding Kabok are:

1. taking out the not so fried kabok.
2. mixing with boiled sugar and fried sesame.

MACHINERY

            The only machinery required is the Chengpak making machine or Pauda machine.

INFRASTRUCTURE

1. building/shed................................200 sq.ft.
2. water............................................nominal
3. power...........................................diesel

PER CAPITA INCOME OF THE KABOK MAKERS

           They can earn Rs. 200/-(apprx.) in a day and so their annual income is Rs.72, 000/-

SOME IMPORTANT INFORMATION REGARDING THE KABOK

1.      The cost of one molded Kabok ranges from Rs.0.50 to Rs. 2 (according to the size)

2.      In a day they can produce two or more sacks of Kabok.

3.      The cost of one Sangpai (a large cane basket) is Rs. 140/- which got a profit of Rs.50/-.

4.      The paddy is of some special types which can be mentioned as KD (Kedi) Daram Phou etc. which are soft and produce more.

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